We are in a world where eco-friendly power sources come in handy. With the ozone layer slowly depleting, renewable energy sources have come to play the part of the conservation of the scarce natural resources. The problem of trying to get electricity from a local artificial power provider is taken care of by the off grid solar system. It is simple, cost effective, clean and renewable.
Solar power is not a new thing in the modern world. Solar power has been around for a few decades now. With the improved off-grid technology, it is possible to tap solar power from the sun and channel it to home and industrial use. It provides a perfect alternative to electricity. Whether you are living in a remote area or in an urban setting, you can have an off grid solar system installed for your power needs. There are numerous homes which are unable to connect to the grid. This leaves being off the grid, the only solution to their power needs. You need power to run your electrical appliances at home and save on time and energy.
For example, when you want to heat water for your shower needs or when you want to connect to your computer or television. Those living remotely will not experience the luxury of the on grip solar power system. Luckily, they have the off grid solar system which gives similar results as the former. It is vital to know how the off grid solar system works. Before you can know how it works, you need to know its components and the role they play in generating solar power to homes.
When you have information about the components that make up the off-grid power system and their function, then you know how the off grid system works. This can be summarized in the following:
1. Solar Power Generation
Assuming that you have already installed solar panels on the roof of your house by the top rated solar panel company, they help trap sunlight and generate power electricity. Solar energy is naturally generated or tapped from the sunlight. When you have panels on the roof, it is easier to generate a lot of solar power.
However, you have to make sure that there is no shade on top of the roof or covering the solar panels as this will hinder the generation of solar energy. Since it is in an off grid setting, the solar panels have to be set up at an angle that allows maximum exposure to the sunlight. After the solar power is generated, it has to be controlled as it charges the battery.
2. Charging the Battery
The solar controller comes into place to help control the amount of current charging the battery. The current has to be n the right amount if you want the battery to be charged correctly. The solar panels will generate as much energy as the sunlight is giving and thus the work of the controller is to make sure that the right voltage goes to charge the battery. When the voltage is too high for the battery, it may damage the battery bank and hence the inclusion of the controller. Depending on the ability of the solar panels to generate power and the intensity of the sunlight, you can choose to buy batteries that can withstand the amount of the energy being generated by the solar panels.
3. Solar Electricity Storage
The battery bank is where solar power is stored in the form of direct current (DC). Most battery banks will have a large capacity to store electricity that can be used for about 3 days. It gives you the ultimate power lifeline in case the sunlight fails to shine within those days. You will have electricity to use in your home and hence reliable. It brings convenience in the event of failure of the solar panels to generate energy. It is a power bank for your electricity needs if and when you want to use the solar electricity on-demand.
4. Conversion to Alternating Current (AC)
The direct current is not reliable for use in homes. It is because it is not standard or uniform when you want to distribute it within your home. In that case, it has to be made standard by converting it into alternating current (AC). In most cases, the AC electricity will be set at 230V which is reliable for home use. This standard voltage will protect your electrical appliances as most of them are manufactured with a standard voltage of around 250V and thus ideal.
During seasons where the sunlight is not as much, and the sky is cloudy, you will need a backup power generator to satisfy your power needs. A backup generator can be installed in your off grid solar power system such that when there is no solar energy, the back-up will automatically start with the help of the inverter to recharge the batteries for your electricity needs.